House Mouse Control
The house mouse is a wild animal that lives near humans and causes damage to food, properties and crops. It is a small rodent that is commonly used genetically altered laboratory animal which makes them very important in medicine and in biology.
House mice are omnivorous and nocturnal animals. They have poor or no color vision. They are good swimmers, climbers and jumpers. They also have a high-pitched voice.
An adult house mouse average size is from 7.5 to 10 cm from nose to the base of its tail and 5 to 10 cm tail length. They normally weigh 10 to 25 grams. House mice have short hair with color varying from white to grey to light brown to black. They have short hind feet which they use when eating and fighting.
House mice can live up to 2-3 years in a protected environment and less than a year in the wild because of the high number of predators. House mice are afraid of rats which is one of their predators.
Mice are very territorial, only one dominant male live in a territory together with females as well as young mice. They are also adaptable to their environment they eat different kinds of food such as: grains, seeds, sugar, chocolates, butter, candies, bacon and they even eat their own droppings. House mice can survive without water unlike roof rats. They get water from the food they eat.
After mating, an adult female house mouse can have 5-6 young mice after 19-21 days. Mice grow fast, they are born hairless but after 2 weeks, they are already covered with hair. Mice are sexually mature after 6-10 weeks period.
A study at the Dickson Centre for Sleep Studies in 1999 proved that urine and feces from mice can cause hair loss, late onset asthma and rhinobalonitis or balloon nose in people who suffers insomnia. Studies showed that mice and their offspring were present in bed sheets and pillows of their subjects.
Aside from food contamination, mice can also cause damage to properties because of its nibbling habit. They can also feed on newly planted grains and crops.
House mice prefer to make electrical appliances like refrigerators their home and chew up electrical wirings which can cause short circuits.
House mice can cause several diseases like: leptospirosis, rickettsialpox, tapeworms, salmonellosis, ringworm, lymphocytic choriomeningitis, ratbite fever, swine dysentery and a lot more.
Keeping your house clean is one of the most effective ways to prevent house mouse from living inside your house. If House mice are already present, putting traps and toxicants can help reduce their population.