Wolf Spider Control

wolf spiderWhat are Wolf Spiders?

Wolf spiders are members of the family Lycosidae, from the Ancient Greek word “λύκος” meaning “wolf”. They are robust and agile hunters with excellent eyesight. They live mostly solitary lives and hunt alone. Some are opportunistic hunters pouncing upon prey as they find it or even chasing it over short distances. Some will wait for passing prey in or near the mouth of a burrow.

Wolf spiders are capable of defensive bites, and some South American species may give bites that are medically significant. Nevertheless, the presence of wolf spiders is considered favorable to some because they consume undesirable arachnids.

Wolf spiders are poisonous spiders; they will inject venom freely if continually provoked. Symptoms of their venomous bite include swelling, mild pain and itching. In the past, necrotic bites have been attributed to some South American species, but further investigation has indicated that those problems that did occur were probably actually due to bites by members of other genera. Australian wolf spiders have also been associated with necrotic wounds, but careful study has likewise shown them not to produce such results.

Facts about Wolf Spiders:

  • Wolf spiders are greyish-brown color and have a bar pattern on their stomach.
  • They are agile and fast-moving ground predators.
  • They don’t make webs. Some make tube-like burrows and some live under rocks.
  • Most of these spiders move about wandering from one place to another.
  • They are dull in color. The male species is darker than the female and has more distinct markings.
  • It sheds its skin many times as it grows into an adult. Most of them live for many years.
  • These spiders are mostly active during the night, but they are also found active during the day along lakes and streams.
  • The life cycle of a wolf spider is interesting. The female spider produces an egg sac that contains over a hundred eggs that she attaches to the spinnerets at the end of the abdomen. When the spiderlings develop, the female opens the sac and the spiderlings climb onto her abdomen, holding the hair on her body. They stay like this for a week after which they disperse aerially.